This paper uses the Institutional Analysis and Development (“IAD”) framework to develop and understand the ‘data commons’. As identified by Fischmann et al., (2014), this paper also embraces the analogy between the natural environment and the commons and uses this link as a lens to view the establishment of a data commons that seeks to address global challenges of food insecurity.
The Maker Movement in Gauteng Province, South Africa
Erika Kraemer-Mbula and Chris Armstrong
There is little doubt that the “maker” movement has begun to achieve meaningful momentum in South Africa. There are now established maker-oriented initiatives in the Western Cape Province (Cape Town, Knysna), KwaZulu-Natal (Durban), and Gauteng (Vanderbijlpark, Johannesburg, Pretoria) and the Free State (Bloemfontein), as well as instances of significant maker outreach into the Northern Cape, Limpopo and Mpumalanga Provinces.
Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation: Assessing Regional Integration in Africa (ARIA VIII)
Caroline Ncube, Tobias Schonwetter, Jeremy de Beer and Chidi Oguamanam
To assist trade policymakers in the development of a framework, this paper explores IP issues, perspectives, and priorities related to both the CFTA and PAIPO. It suggests that process and substance issues are each important to create fair and balanced IP systems on the continent that stimulate innovation, growth, and competition. To this end, the paper’s suggested framework draws significantly on the Max Planck Principles for Intellectual Property Provisions in Bilateral and Regional Agreements, (the Principles for IP Provisions, or just Principles) adapted for a distinctly African context.