Informal Innovation: the Case of Maker Movements in North Africa
About this Study
A significant segment of the private sector in North African countries is made up of small and informal businesses. Government corruption, bureaucracy, and top-down policies are a few of the political and socioeconomic factors that led to the rise of this informal economy. However, in this post-Arab Spring era, governments inevitably have to fully utilize local resources, including informal entrepreneurs.
Thus, this study explores informal innovation occurring in “Makerspaces” in North Africa. Innovation may originate from both formal and informal settings, as well as through the interaction between them. The main objective is to develop an understanding of this informal innovation, specifically the interaction between the different players, and examine how knowledge governance systems can be adapted to allow for the creation of public policy frameworks that tackle economic development. This research is also intended to generate evidence of innovation that feeds into novel metrics of measuring innovation in Africa.